Many of Culloden’s first settlers were Scottish Highlanders who had lived previously in eastern Georgia. Others were of English and Irish descent, and many came from eastern Georgia, South Carolina, and Virginia. Their rural community dates back to 1739, but it was decades before the settlement became a town, first called Cullodenville to honor William Culloden, a merchant who settled there in 1780. The name was shortened to Culloden when the town was incorporated in 1887. Culloden is also the site of many historic buildings and unique architecture, including the oldest brick Methodist church in Georgia, built in 1893. Culloden is located off of US-341 and GA 74.